According to the Mayo Clinic, three million people each year receive a diagnosis in the United States. A bone can become weakened making it susceptible to bone fracture due to trauma, overuse or disease. After imaging is performed for medical diagnosis a doctor will reset the break and place a splint or cast to immobilize the bone. Sometimes physical therapy is needed to rebuild limb strength after a splint or cast is removed. If a bone cannot be healed through realignment and casting an external or internal fixation may be performed. During an external fixation operation, metal pins are placed above and below the break connected with a metal bar outside the skin providing stabilization. An internal fixation realigns the bone and stabilizes the fracture with screws or metal plates to the outer surface of the bone.
Another common type of orthopedic procedure is joint replacement. A joint may need replaced if it’s worn down by injury, disease, arthritis or age. In a hip replacement procedure, the damaged joint is removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic prosthetic joint. A metal joint is then attached to a metal stem fitted into the femur bone while a plastic socket replaces the damaged socket in the pelvis. After joint replacement mobility can be regained through physical therapy. According to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, over one million people receive a hip or knee replacement every year.
Greg Finch is an orthopedic surgeon specializing in minimally invasive spine surgery for adult deformity and cervical spine surgery treating ailments like disc replacement. He’s worked with world leaders in spine surgery across the United States, United Kingdom and Germany. Greg Finch also specializes in pediatric orthopedics and trauma.
Before becoming an orthopedic surgeon in Australia, Greg Finch attended the University of Auckland. Greg Finch is also a member of the New Zealand Orthopedic Association and the Australian Orthopedic Association. Since 2010, he’s been a member of the Society for Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery. He now works as an orthopedic spine surgeon at sunshine Coast Hospital and Health Services.